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Han Xin ordered some soldiers to pretend to repair the gallery roads linking Guanzhong and Hanzhong, while sending another army to secretly pass through Chencang and make a surprise attack on Zhang Han. Zhang Han was caught off guard and the Han forces emerged victorious, proceeding to take over Sima Xin and Dong Yi's kingdoms.
Xiang Yu turned back from his campaign in the Qi kingdom to retake Pengcheng and defeated Liu Bang by surprise in the Battle of Pengcheng. Liu Bang retreated to Xingyang after his defeat. Han Xin tricked Wei forces into cornering themselves at the border and made a surprise attack on Anyi present-day Xia County, Shanxi with another force, scoring victory and capturing Wei Bao in battle.
Han Xin's army advanced further to attack the Zhao kingdom. He scored another tactical victory against the , strong Zhao army with a smaller force in the Battle of Jingxing. Tian Guang already had the intention of surrendering but the attacks angered him and he felt betrayed by Li Yiji and had Li executed. However, Zhang Liang and Chen Ping cautioned Liu Bang against rejecting the request, because Han Xin may become discontented and would rebel, putting them in a dangerous situation.
Liu Bang reluctantly agreed to Han Xin's request. Meanwhile, Xiang Yu sent Wu She to persuade Han Xin to declare independence from Liu Bang and form an alliance with him, in hope of losing an opponent on the northern front. Kuai Che also strongly urged Han Xin to rebel against Liu Bang, warning him that Liu was starting to distrust him because he wielded too much power. However, Han Xin refused to renounce his loyalty to Liu Bang.
Shortly after, Liu Bang renounced the treaty and led an attack on Xiang Yu's forces, which were retreating east. Liu Bang retreated back to his territory and strengthened his defences, while sending messengers to Han Xin and Peng Yue again, promising to grant them land and titles if they helped him defeat Xiang Yu.
He attempted to break out of the encirclement and eventually arrived at the bank of the Wu River , where he made a last stand before committing suicide.
On account of their past friendship, Han Xin protected Zhongli Mo and let him stay in his house. A year later, Gaozu heard rumours that Han Xin was plotting a rebellion.
Chen Ping proposed to Gaozu to lure Han into a trap and capture him, on the pretext of ordering him to attend a meeting in Chen present-day Huaiyang , Henan. Meanwhile, Zhongli Mo committed suicide to prevent Han Xin from getting into trouble. Han Xin brought Zhongli Mo's severed head to meet Gaozu later and explain his innocence, but Gaozu ordered Han to be arrested. Han Xin exclaimed, "It is true when people say: The hunting dog becomes food as well after it is used to hunt game; a good bow is discarded when there are no birds left for shooting; an advisor dies after he helps his lord conquer a rival kingdom.
Now that the empire is in place, I no longer serve any purpose! After his demotion, Han Xin knew that Gaozu was beginning to distrust him and become more wary of him, because Han Xin had proven himself to be such a brilliant military leader that he even had the ability to seize Gaozu's empire for himself. Hence, Han Xin claimed to be ill and stayed at home most of the time to reduce Gaozu's suspicions.
Not long later, Chen Xi rebelled and Gaozu personally led an army to suppress the rebellion. Han Xin was arrested and executed in a torturous manner in Changle Palace,  along with his mother, wife and close relatives. Han Xin's clan was exterminated on the empress's orders as well. Upon his return from his campaign, Gaozu expressed both glee and regret when he learnt of Han Xin's death.
He asked the empress for Han Xin's last words, which were, "I regret not listening to Kuai Che 's advice. Hence, when Han Xin was executed, he was hung in midair within a great bell and was pierced to death with swords made from wood or bamboo. As such, when he died, Han Xin was neither "facing Heaven" because his body was covered by the bell nor "standing firm on Earth" because he was suspended inside the bell , and was not killed by any weapon used by soldiers.
Soldiers do not use wooden or bamboo swords. Some Chinese idioms and sayings originating from the events in Han Xin's life are listed as follows:. I've been to Huaiyin present-day Huai'an , Jiangsu , and the locals told me that when Han Xin was still a commoner, his ambition was very different from ordinary people's. When his mother died, he was too poor to give her a proper funeral. However, he found a scenic area, on high and flat ground and capable of housing thousands, and buried her there.
I've personally been to his mother's grave and it was exactly like what the locals described to me. If Han Xin was more modest and unassuming, did not boast about his achievements, and not been so egoistic, he would have attained fame, glory and wealth.
In that case, his contributions to the Han dynasty would be comparable to those of the Duke of Zhou , Duke of Shao, and Jiang Ziya , and his descendants would be proud of him. However, Han Xin did not change himself for the better. Instead, when peace and stability had been restored in the empire China , he plotted a rebellion and caused his clan to be implicated and exterminated. Is this not Heaven's will? Many people would think that Han Xin was the first person to propose the grand plan for unifying China: As such, he is seen to have contributed greatly to the founding of the Han Dynasty.
When we look at how he rejected Kuai Che 's suggestion to declare independence, and how he received Gaozu at Chen present-day Huaiyang , Henan , how can we say he had the intention of rebelling?
The reason for his rebellion was that he felt unhappy about losing his noble title. Lu Wan was merely Gaozu's neighbour, yet he was appointed King of Yan, while Han Xin only received the title of a marquis and could only have audiences with Gaozu. During the afternoons, young males come in groups between pm.
Around dinner time, teenagers and young adults come in. Competitive game players ages 18 and up start coming in at 8pm and usually stay for several hours or all night. PC bang industry has created a culture that is participated in by most youth in South Korea.
Gamers have turned the PC bang into a socialization facility, becoming a huge part in the lives of the Korean youth today. Many students have suggested that the PC-Bang provides a stress free, fun and youth dominated environment where groups of friends can meet and engage in a cooperative game. They have suggested that the games themselves may promote a social environment by promoting the development of squads or groups of players to play the game more effectively.
With computer and Internet access so readily available to the public, both at home and at the PC-Bangs, gaming addiction has become a concern.
The consequences of several hours spent at the PC bang gaming and the strong need to compete causes increased addiction and displacement problems of the Korean PC-Bang users.
Biggest displacements due to addiction include sleep, school, homework, promises to meet with friends and time spent with friends. It allows a two-year grace period for smartphone and tablet PC games before reconsidering if they should be included, as online game addictions on those platforms are not currently considered a serious problem. South Korean PC bangs have been identified as the source of a large number of players that use software tools to cheat in the video game Overwatch , effectively making play on Asian servers for the game unenjoyable for others.
The game's publisher Blizzard Entertainment has arranged deals with many PC bangs to allow anyone using the site to play Overwatch without purchasing the game as part of the hourly fee. Because of the competitive and youthful nature of the average PC bang user, many of these players use tools like aimbots to gain the upper edge in Overwatch matches as to show off to friends.
While Blizzard does ban accounts from using these types of hacks, PC bang users can quickly make a new Battle. Blizzard reports handling thousands of such bans a day from South Korea. As creating a Battle. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
South korea frets about online gaming addiction. Archived from the original on Retrieved August 11, , from http: An Introduction to New Media. A study of Korean college students' private and public use of computers and the Internet.