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Through SMS, users can communicate with Twitter through five gateway numbers: There is also a short code in the United Kingdom which is only accessible to those on the Vodafone , O2  and Orange  networks.
In India, since Twitter only supports tweets from Bharti Airtel ,  an alternative platform called smsTweet  was set up by a user to work on all networks. The tweets were set to a largely constrictive character limit for compatibility with SMS messaging, introducing the shorthand notation and slang commonly used in SMS messages. The character limit also increased the usage of URL shortening services such as bit. Since June , Twitter has used its own t.
In , Twitter announced that media such as photos, videos, and the person's handle, would not count against the already constrictive character limit. A user photo post used to count for a large chunk of a Tweet, about 24 characters. A word, phrase, or topic that is mentioned at a greater rate than others is said to be a "trending topic". Trending topics become popular either through a concerted effort by users or because of an event that prompts people to talk about a specific topic.
Trending topics are sometimes the result of concerted efforts and manipulations by preteen and teenaged fans of certain celebrities or cultural phenomena, particularly musicians like Lady Gaga known as Little Monsters , Justin Bieber Beliebers , Rihanna Rih Navy and One Direction Directioners , and novel series Twilight Twihards and Harry Potter Potterheads. Twitter has altered the trend algorithm in the past to prevent manipulation of this type with limited success.
The Twitter web interface displays a list of trending topics on a sidebar on the home page, along with sponsored content see image. Twitter often censors trending hashtags that are claimed to be abusive or offensive. Twitter censored the Thatsafrican  and thingsdarkiessay hashtags after users complained that they found the hashtags offensive.
There are numerous tools for adding content, monitoring content and conversations including Twitter's own TweetDeck , Salesforce. As of [update] , fewer than half of tweets posted were posted using the web user interface with most users using third-party applications based on an analysis of million tweets by Sysomos.
In June , after being criticized by Kanye West and sued by Tony La Russa over unauthorized accounts run by impersonators, Twitter launched their 'Verified Accounts' program. In July , Twitter announced a public application process to grant verified status to an account "if it is determined to be of public interest" and that verification "does not imply an endorsement. Verified status allows access to some features unavailable to other users, such as only seeing mentions from other verified accounts.
In a March 8, live-stream on Twitter's Periscope, Dorsey discussed the idea of allowing any user to get a verified account. This has been released in countries with slow internet connection such as the Philippines. For many years, Twitter has limited the use of third-party applications accessing the service by implementing a , user limit per application. This was done to increase security and improve the user experience. This feature adds websites to the bottom of a tweet's permalink page.
If a website embedded a tweet onto one of their stories, the tweet will show the websites that mentioned the tweet. This feature was added onto Twitter so if the viewer doesn't understand what the tweet means, they can click on the sites to read more about what the person is talking about. In , Twitter began to roll out the ability to attach poll questions to tweets. Polls are open for up to 7 days, and voters are not personally identified.
In , Twitter began to place a larger focus on live streaming video programming, hosting various events including streams of the Republican and Democratic conventions during the U. During an event in New York in May , Twitter announced that it planned to construct a hour streaming video channel hosted within the service, featuring content from various partners. In March , Twitter is ranked the twelfth most visited website by Alexa's web traffic analysis. A February Compete.
Twitter's annual growth rate decreased from 7. In , Twitter was mainly used by older adults who might not have used other social sites before Twitter, said Jeremiah Owyang , an industry analyst studying social media. However, comScore also stated in that Twitter had begun to "filter more into the mainstream", and "along with it came a culture of celebrity as Shaq , Britney Spears and Ashton Kutcher joined the ranks of the Twitterati". According to a study by Sysomos in June , women make up a slightly larger Twitter demographic than men—fifty-three percent over forty-seven percent.
It also stated that five percent of users accounted for seventy-five percent of all activity, and that New York City has more Twitter users than other cities. On September 7, , Twitter announced that it had million active users logging in at least once a month and 50 million active users every day.
In an article published on January 6, , Twitter was confirmed to be the biggest social media network in Japan, with Facebook following closely in second. In , the country with the most active users on Twitter was the United States. In May , The Industry Standard remarked that Twitter's long-term viability is limited by a lack of revenue. In July , some of Twitter's revenue and user growth documents were published on TechCrunch after being illegally obtained by Hacker Croll.
In response, Twitter co-founder Biz Stone published a blog post suggesting the possibility of legal action against the hacker. On April 13, , Twitter announced plans to offer paid advertising for companies that would be able to purchase "promoted tweets" to appear in selective search results on the Twitter website, similar to Google Adwords' advertising model.
The self-service advertising platform was launched in March to American Express card members and merchants in the U. Twitter later reported that numerous small businesses and people who used the self-service tool provided feedback that indicated they were impressed by the feature. On August 3, , Twitter launched Instant Unlock Card, a new feature that encourages people to tweet about a brand in order to earn rewards and utilize the social media network's conversational ads.
The format itself consists of images or videos with call-to-action buttons and a customizable hashtag. Twitter places great reliance on open-source software. In the early days of Twitter, tweets were stored in MySQL databases that were temporally sharded large databases were split based on time of posting.
After the huge volume of tweets coming in caused problems reading from and writing to these databases, the company decided that the system needed re-engineering. As of April 6, , Twitter engineers confirmed that they had switched away from their Ruby on Rails search stack to a Java server they call Blender. From Spring to , the messages were handled by a Ruby persistent queue server called Starling.
This boost was greater than the 10x improvement that Twitter's engineers envisioned when starting the switch. The continued development of Twitter has also involved a switch from monolithic development of a single app to an architecture where different services are built independently and joined through remote procedure calls. Individual tweets are registered under unique IDs using software called snowflake , and geolocation data is added using 'Rockdove'.
The URL shortner t. Next, the tweets are stored in a MySQL database using Gizzard , and the user receives acknowledgement that the tweets were sent. Tweets are then sent to search engines via the Firehose API. The process is managed by FlockDB and takes an average of ms. On August 16, , Raffi Krikorian, Twitter's Vice President of Platform Engineering, shared in a blog post that the company's infrastructure handled almost , tweets per second during that week, setting a new record.
Krikorian explained that Twitter achieved this record by blending its homegrown and open source technologies. The service's application programming interface API allows other web services and applications to integrate with Twitter. On April 30, , Twitter adjusted its Web interface, adding a search bar and a sidebar of " trending topics "—the most common phrases appearing in messages.
Biz Stone explains that all messages are instantly indexed and that "with this newly launched feature, Twitter has become something unexpectedly important — a discovery engine for finding out what is happening right now.
In March , Twitter became available in Arabic , Farsi , Hebrew and Urdu , the first right-to-left language versions of the site. About 13, volunteers helped with translating the menu options. When Twitter experiences an outage, users once saw the "fail whale" error message image created by Yiying Lu,  illustrating eight orange birds using a net to hoist a whale from the ocean captioned "Too many tweets!
Please wait a moment and try again. Twitter had approximately ninety-eight percent uptime in or about six full days of downtime. Twitter messages are public, but users can also send private messages.
The service also reserves the right to sell this information as an asset if the company changes hands. A security vulnerability was reported on April 7, , by Nitesh Dhanjani and Rujith. Since Twitter used the phone number of the sender of an SMS message as authentication, malicious users could update someone else's status page by using SMS spoofing.
Within a few weeks of this discovery, Twitter introduced an optional personal identification number PIN that its users could use to authenticate their SMS-originating messages. Twitter launched the beta version of their "Verified Accounts" service on June 11, , allowing famous or notable people to announce their account name. The home pages of these accounts display a badge indicating their status.
For example, comedian Conan O'Brien 's account, which had been set to follow only one person, was changed to receive nearly malicious subscriptions. This was the first time the FTC had taken action against a social network for security lapses.
The settlement requires Twitter to take a number of steps to secure users' private information, including maintenance of a "comprehensive information security program" to be independently audited biannually. On December 14, , the United States Department of Justice issued a subpoena directing Twitter to provide information for accounts registered to or associated with WikiLeaks.
When a user held the mouse cursor over blacked-out parts of a tweet, the worm within the script would automatically open links and re-post itself on the reader's account. The origin of the worm is unclear, but Pearce H. Delphin known on Twitter as zzap and a Scandinavian developer, Magnus Holm, both claim to have modified a related exploit found by another user possibly Masato Kinugawa who was using it to create coloured Tweets.
Later, when he found it was exploitable again, he created the account 'RainbowTwtr' and used it to post coloured messages. This followed gossip posted on Twitter about Giggs's private life.
This led to the British privacy injunctions controversy and the "super-injunction". Twitter would be acquired Dasient , a startup that offers malware protection for businesses, in January Twitter announced plans to use Dasient to help remove hateful advertisers on the website.
The "Do Not Track" feature works only on sites that have agreed to the service. In August , it was reported that there is a market in fake Twitter followers that are used to increase politicians' and celebrities' apparent popularity. US President Barack Obama with The culprits working to generate the fake followers, or "bots", include campaign workers or friends of political candidates. The people creating the "bots" are often from Eastern Europe and Asia.
The change made these users subject to Irish and European Union data protection laws . According to them the investigation showed no indications of breach or misuse but recommended everyone to change their password anyway. Twitter has a history of both using and releasing open source software while overcoming technical challenges of their service.
On April 17, , Twitter announced it would implement an "Innovators Patent Agreement" which would obligate Twitter to only use its patents for defensive purposes. The agreement went into effect in Having used the services of third parties TinyURL and bit.
The service was tested on the main site using the accounts TwitterAPI, rsarver and raffi. On June 7, , Twitter announced that it was rolling out the feature. On June 1, , Twitter announced its own integrated photo-sharing service that enables users to upload a photo and attach it to a Tweet right from Twitter.
A Twitterbot is a computer program that automatically posts on Twitter, they are programmed to tweet, retweet, and follow other accounts. These fake accounts are often used to build large follower populations quickly for advertisers, while others respond to tweets that include a certain word or phrase.
Twitter is recognized for having one of the most open and powerful developer APIs of any major technology company. From until , Twitter's developer platform experienced strong growth and a highly favorable reputation.
Between and , however, Twitter made a number of decisions that were received unfavorably by the developer community. In October , Twitter announced Fabric, a suite of mobile developer tools built around Crashlytics.
By building Fabric on top of Crashlytics, Twitter was able to take advantage of Crashlytics' large adoption and device footprint to rapidly scale usage of MoPub and TwitterKit. Fabric reached active distribution across 1 billion mobile devices just 8 months after its launch. In early , Twitter announced that Fabric was installed on more than 2 billion active devices and used by more than , developers.
Fabric is recognized as the 1 most popular crash reporting and also the 1 mobile analytics solution among the top iOS apps, beating out Google Analytics , Flurry , and MixPanel.
Twitter has been used for a variety of purposes in many industries and scenarios. For example, it has been used to organize protests, sometimes referred to as "Twitter Revolutions",  which include April Moldovan parliamentary election protests , student protests in Austria , Gaza—Israel conflict , Iran green revolution , Toronto G20 , Bolivarian Revolution , Germany Stuttgart21 , Egypt Revolution , England riots , United States Occupy movement , Anti-austerity movement in Spain , Greece Aganaktismenoi movements , Italy Rome demonstration , Wisconsin labor protests , Gaza—Israel conflict , protests in Brazil , Gezi Park protests.
The service is also used as a form of civil disobedience: In , users expressed outrage over the Twitter Joke Trial by copying a controversial joke about bombing an airport and attaching the hashtag IAmSpartacus, a reference to the Spartacus film and a sign of solidarity and support to a man controversially prosecuted after posting a tweet joking about bombing an airport if they cancelled his flight.
IAmSpartacus became the number one trending topic on Twitter worldwide. During the Arab Spring in early , the number of hashtags mentioning the uprisings in Tunisia and Egypt increased.
In January , Twitter was sued by the widow of a U. Twitter disputed the claim, stating that "violent threats and the promotion of terrorism deserve no place on Twitter and, like other social networks, our rules make that clear.
Twitter suspended multiple parody accounts that satirized Russian politics in May , sparking protests and raising questions about where the company stands on freedom of speech. In October , actress Rose McGowan said that Twitter had suspended her account for 12 hours after she repeatedly tweeted about former film studio executive Harvey Weinstein's alleged sexual misconduct toward her and others.
McGowan's account being locked". After the tweet was removed, her account was unlocked several hours before the hour ban was set to expire. A Twitter representative stated, "We will be clearer about these policies and decisions in the future. In November , the Paradise Papers , a set of confidential electronic documents relating to offshore investment , revealed that Twitter is among the corporations that avoided paying taxes using offshore companies.
In May , in response to scrutiny over the misuse of Twitter by those seeking to maliciously influence elections, Twitter announced that it would partner with the nonprofit organization Ballotpedia to add special labels verifying the authenticity of political candidates running for election in the U. Twitter is banned completely in Iran, China and North Korea ,  and has been intermittently blocked in numerous countries including Egypt , Iraq , Turkey and Venezuela on different bases.
After claims in the media that the hashtags wikileaks and occupywallstreet were being censored because they did not show up on the site's list of trending topics, Twitter responded by stating that it does not censor hashtags unless they contain obscenities.
In , at the same time as Twitter executives paid to attend a political fundraiser by Hillary Clinton, the Twitter platform banned a pro- Bernie Sanders account that had started a hashtag critical of Clinton's fundraising from wealthy donors.
In May , The Wall Street Journal wrote that social networking services such as Twitter "elicit mixed feelings in the technology-savvy people who have been their early adopters. Fans say they are a good way to keep in touch with busy friends. But some users are starting to feel too connected, as they grapple with check-in messages at odd hours, higher cellphone bills and the need to tell acquaintances to stop announcing what they're having for dinner.
Dvorak described Twitter as "the new CB radio ". A practical use for Twitter's real-time functionality is as an effective de facto emergency communication system for breaking news. It was neither intended nor designed for high-performance communication, but the idea that it could be used for emergency communication was not lost on the creators, who knew that the service could have wide-reaching effects early on when the company used it to communicate during earthquakes.
Another practical use that is being studied is Twitter's ability to track epidemics and how they spread. In addition, Twitter has acted as a sensor for automatic response to natural disasters such as bush fires. Twitter has been adopted as a communication and learning tool in educational and research  settings mostly in colleges and universities. Twitter has been an increasingly growing in the field of education, as an effective tool that can be used to encourage learning and idea, or knowledge sharing, in and outside the classroom.
A broad example of a hashtag used in education is "edchat", to communicate with other teachers, and people using that hashtag. Once teachers find someone they want to talk to, they can either direct message the person, or narrow down the hashtag to make the topic of the conversation more specific using hashtags for scichat science , engchat English , sschat social studies.
In a study, researchers found that young peoples use of Twitter helped to improve relationships with teachers, encourage interactive learning, and ultimately lead to high grades. People found that sifting through large amounts of data is challenging, however, with the simple nature of Twitter large amount of information became easily accessible.
This ultimately promotes growth and learning among students and educators, not just in the class room, but virtually and around the world. Tech writer Bruce Sterling commented in that using Twitter for "literate communication" is "about as likely as firing up a CB radio and hearing some guy recite the Iliad ". The novelist Rick Moody wrote a short story for Electric Literature called "Some Contemporary Characters," composed entirely of tweets.
In , Nielsen Online reported that Twitter had a user-retention rate of forty percent. Many people stop using the service after a month; therefore the site may potentially reach only about ten percent of all Internet users. In response, Andy Carvin gave Schorr two examples of breaking news stories that played out on Twitter and said users wanted first-hand accounts and sometimes debunked stories. The service was active from to During the Summer Olympics opening ceremony , in which he appeared at the London Olympic Stadium in person,  Sir Tim Berners-Lee , the founder of the World Wide Web, tweeted "This is for everyone",  which was instantly spelled out in LCD lights attached to the chairs of the 80, people in the audience.
World leaders and their diplomats have taken note of Twitter's rapid expansion and have been increasingly utilizing Twitter diplomacy , the use of Twitter to engage with foreign publics and their own citizens.
McFaul has been attributed as a pioneer of international Twitter diplomacy. He used Twitter after becoming ambassador in , posting in English and Russian. According to an analysis of accounts, the heads of state of countries and other leading politicians have Twitter accounts that have between them sent more than , tweets and have almost 52 million followers.
However, only 30 of these do their own tweeting, more than 80 do not subscribe to other politicians and many do not follow any accounts. A study performed at Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology showed his tweets from these different time periods and through analysis of his tweets, the professors found that President Trump uses a mode called "forensic mode" the most often in his tweets.
This is described as a quick reactive usage, as they found he often used Twitter to show his judgement of the events that occurred regarding both his allies and his enemies. After his election to the presidency he tweeted this "forensic-style" tweet, "Just had a very open and successful election. Now professional protesters, incited by the media, are protesting. In a study done at New York University in , an analysis and comparison of the Twitter accounts of Donald Trump, Jeb Bush , Bernie Sanders , and Hillary Clinton , found observations showing the goals of each candidate's Twitter during their respective primary elections.
Some comparisons that were made were the use of Aristotle's theory of Rhetoric. The research found that Donald Trump used pathos, the appeal to emotion, in his rhetoric; Bernie Sanders tended to use ethos and logos for his Twitter; Hillary Clinton tended to use logos and pathos to try to convey her values, and Jeb Bush shows that he uses a mix of all three on his account.
The study also looked at the media response to the tweets during the election. The study found that the tweets became more persuasive for the candidates if the media put the tweets in front of more viewers, versus less powerful if they were only visible to those already on Twitter. In that way, presidential candidates who had their tweets covered more in the news were able to get their message to more potential voters. More than twenty Roman Catholic cardinals manage active Twitter accounts,  nine of whom were cardinal electors for the Papal conclave.
As of April , his successor, Pope Francis , has 9. S ambassador to the United Nations , said: Twitterbots are capable of influencing public opinion about culture, products and political agendas by automatically generating mass amounts of tweets through imitating human communication. The social implications these Twitterbots potentially have on human perception are sizeable according to a study published by the ScienceDirect Journal.
Looking at the Computers as Social Actors CASA paradigm, the journal notes, "people exhibit remarkable social reactions to computers and other media, treating them as if they were real people or real places.
In addition to content-generating bots, users can purchase followers, favorites, retweets and comments on various websites that cater to expanding a user's image through accumulation of followers.
With more followers, users' profiles gain more attention, thus increasing their popularity. This practice of obtaining mass amounts of twitterbots as followers is not permitted on Twitter.
Twitter is also increasingly used for making TV more interactive and social. In December , Twitter and Nielsen entered a multi-year agreement to produce social TV ratings, which are expected to be commercially available for the fall season as the Nielsen Twitter TV Rating. In May , it launched Twitter Amplify —an advertising product for media and consumer brands.
On launch, the concept was limited to NBCUniversal channels and Xfinity cable television subscribers. In an attempt to compete with Twitter's leadership in TV, Facebook introduced a number of features in to drive conversation about TV including hashtags, verified profiles and embeddable posts.
It also opened up new data visualization APIs for TV news and other media outlets, enabling them to search for a word and see a firehose of public posts that mention it as well as show how many people mentioned a word in both public and private posts during a set time frame, with a demographic breakdown of the age, gender, and location of these people.
Facebook struck the partnership to help marketers understand how people are using the social network to talk about topics such as TV. These acquisitions, as well as a partnership with research company Kantar which it had been working with to develop a suite of analytics tools for the British TV industry since August strengthened Twitter's dominance of the "second screen" — TV viewers using tablets and smartphones to share their TV experience on social media. With the additional analytic tools, Twitter was able to improve the firm's offering to advertisers, allowing them to, for instance, only promote a tweet onto the timelines of users who were watching a certain programme.
By February , all four major U. TV networks had signed up to the Amplify program, bringing a variety of premium TV content onto the social platform in the form of in-tweet real-time video clips. In June , Twitter acquired its Amplify partner in the U. As of August 27, , the ten Twitter accounts with the most followers were: The oldest Twitter accounts are 14 accounts that became active on March 21, , all belonging to Twitter employees at the time and including jack Jack Dorsey , biz Biz Stone , and noah Noah Glass.
A selfie orchestrated by 86th Academy Awards host Ellen DeGeneres during the March 2, broadcast was at the time the most retweeted image ever. The resulting photo of twelve celebrities broke the previous retweet record within forty minutes, and was retweeted over 1. There was a global peak of , tweets in one second, beating the previous record of 33, On the day of the U. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Tweet Twitter. For other uses, see Tweet. Kordestani Executive Chairman Jack P.
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Retrieved November 5, That alone is more annoying than anything by itself. Also i highly dislike being notified of every single person getting on live I honestly could live without having those extra notifications. I, a paying customer only want notifications that deals with people having direct interactions with me.. I promise if these things are fixed and and the app gets a revamped appearance you all would see more downloads and usage.. We appreciate your feedback! Please tell us more at support.
I am having a lot of issues with my phone and pop up ads out the blue just popping up. It buffers a lot when I am on there I have to close it then start it back over. I put in my city for meet me and I get other cities and maybe 3 or 4 of mine. Now about live I like it but it does a lot of buffering on my phone is there any way I can get live on my desktop or laptop it would be a lot better for me.
I get a lot of scammers or people playing pets with fake profiles so I block them and report them but they seem to pop back up on my Pet page is the block and report button working. Why not just bring the pet game back to the tagged app on the phone that would be much more fun.
I do not know who is responsible for this but apparently from their profile, they are 21 and from East Haven, Ct. This is defamation of character and this is very dangerous.
This is very dangerous and that is NOT me! This app is only available on the App Store for iOS devices. We are constantly working on making it easier for you to meet and chat with new people! Sep 17, Version 9.